Saturday, October 18, 2014

Australia 2013 P Year of the Snake ( S$1 )

      2013      P      Year of the Snake      ( S$1 ) - Obverse

       2013       P       Year of the Snake       ( S$1 ) - Reverse

Coin Mass:31.135 GRAMS
Diameter:45.60 (MM)
Mint Year:2013
Mint Mark:P
Coin Rating:
NGC - MS 69
GRADE SERIAL:3684979-075
Face Value:$1.00
Coin Notes:
This information is complied/referenced data from around the web. Linked references within.
Years Minted:2013
Mint Marks:P
Obverse Design:Elizabeth II
Obverse Designer:IAN RANK-BROADLEY
Reverse Design:snake curled around a tree branch
Reverse Designer:ING ING JONG
Australian Lunar Silver Coin Series II 2013 Year of the Snake

In 2013, The Perth Mint's internationally renowned Australian Lunar Series II celebrates the Year of the Snake, the sixth auspicious animal in the Chinese zodiac.

The birth dates for people ruled by the Chinese Lunar snake include 1905, 1917, 1929, 1941, 1953, 1965, 1977, 1989, 2001 and 2013. Those born under the influence of this sign are said to be intelligent, graceful, independent, analytical and charming.

The coin is struck by The Perth Mint from 99.9% pure silver in proof quality.

The coin's high relief reverse and obverse are minted on concave surfaces to ensure the optimum flow of metal is achieved by the strike of the die.

The reverse of the coin depicts a representation of a snake curled around a tree branch. The Chinese character for 'snake' and the inscription 'Year of the Snake' also appear in the design with The Perth Mint's traditional 'P' mintmark.

Issued as legal tender under the Australian Currency Act 1965, the coin features the Ian Rank-Broadley effigy of Her Majesty Queen Elizabeth II on its obverse.

No more than 7,500 of these coins will be released.
Word Count: 182 - 
- See more at:

Sunday, September 7, 2014

The 1883 “Racketeer” Nickel

The 1883 “Racketeer” Nickel

The 1883 “Racketeer” Nickel In 1883 the Mint issued a new 5c coin with the head of Liberty and a Roman “V” meaning “5″ on the reverse. Many people thought that the coin was an error since in didn’t have “cents” anywhere on the coin.

The lack of the word cents created an opportunity for the unscrupulous. The coins were gold plated and reeds were cut into the edge by hand (nickels have a plain edge) and they were passed off as $5 gold coins.1883-racketeer-nickel

The most famous criminal case about altered 5 cent coins involved a deaf mute named Josh Tatum. He would go to cigar stands and purchase a 5c cigar and pay with a gold plated, hand reeded nickel. The attendant would assume that it was a $5 gold piece and give Josh $4.95 change. He was acquitted since he never said that the coin was $5, he couldn’t. The Mint learned its lesson and later that year put the word “cents” at the bottom of the reverse.

Some of these “Racketeer” nickels survive today and are interesting to collectors. Over the last century, there are many nickels that have been gilt and passed off as the “real” thing so beware of “copies”. Its not easy to ascertain whether you have a “genuine” racketeer nickel as they are all altered coins tampered with outside the Mint. Generally, the ones used in 1883 have some or all of the gilt rubbed off and have a very carefully reeded edge.

This information is complied/referenced data from around the web. Linked references within.
Years Minted:1883-1913
Mint Marks:NONE (P), D, S
Obverse Design:Liberty, wearing a coronet and wreath
Obverse Designer:CHARLES BARBER
Reverse Design:Roman numeral V, for 5, indicating the denomination, surrounded by a wreath
Reverse Designer:CHARLES BARBER
The Liberty Head nickel, sometimes referred to as the V nickel because of its reverse (or tails) design, is an American five-cent piece. It was struck for circulation from 1883 until 1912, with at least five pieces being surreptitiously struck dated 1913.

The original copper–nickel five-cent piece, the Shield nickel, had longstanding production problems, and in the early 1880s, the United States Mint was looking to replace it. Mint Chief Engraver Charles Barber was instructed to prepare designs for proposed one-, three-, and five-cent pieces, which were to bear similar designs. Only the new five-cent piece was approved, and went into production in 1883. For almost thirty years large quantities of coin of this design were produced to meet commercial demand, especially as coin-operated machines became increasingly popular.

Beginning in 1911, the Mint began work to replace the Liberty head design, and a new design, which became known as the Buffalo nickel, went into production in February 1913. Although no 1913 Liberty head nickels were officially struck, five are known to exist. While it is uncertain how these pieces originated, they have come to be among the most expensive coins in the world, with one selling in 2010 for $3,737,500.

History courtesy of Liberty Coin Collector Society
Chester Alan Arthur was in the White House, and Franklin Delano Roosevelt was napping in a nursery in Hyde Park, New York. FDR, after all, was only one year old at the time. Horse-drawn carriages ruled the roads and in New York City, they also reigned supreme on the just-completed Brooklyn Bridge.

The year was 1883, and one year after FDR's arrival in that nursery, the United States Mint was busy giving birth to a "baby" of its own: the Liberty Head five-cent piece.

The father of the new coin was A. Loudon Snowden, Superintendent of the Philadelphia Mint. Snowden believed that the nation's three minor coins, the cent, three-cent piece and five-cent piece, should be uniform in design and metallic composition. In 1881 he directed Chief Engraver Charles E. Barber to prepare suitable sketches for these denominations, with all three to feature a classical head of Liberty.

Barber completed the task late that year, and trial strikes were made of the three coins. All were very simple in design, with the Liberty head on the obverse and a Roman numeralI, III or Von the reverse within a wreath, signifying values of one, three and five cents, respectively. All were struck in copper-nickel, the same alloy being used already in the three-cent piece and the Shield nickel.

It soon became apparent that Congress would oppose a change in composition for the cent, which was made of bronze. Furthermore, the Treasury would not permit a design change for the three-cent piece. That left only the five-cent piece, and Snowden and Barber concentrated on overhauling it.

The Shield nickel, introduced in 1866, was the first base-metal five-cent piece in U.S. history; up to then, the half dime, a small silver coin, had filled the nation's need for that denomination. Though reasonably well accepted, the Shield nickel was hardly untouchable; its stark, bland design made it a prime candidate for remodeling. And its newness didn't protect it from replacement: At that time, there wasn't yet a federal law establishing a minimum life expectancy for U.S. coin designs.

Snowden admired Barber's new design, and he also welcomed the change because it gave him a chance to increase the diameter (and thus reduce the thickness) of the nickel. He believed that this would lengthen die life dramatically. Snowden proudly unveiled the Liberty Head nickel at a special ceremony on Jan. 30, 1883. Dignitaries attended and souvenirs of the first strikes were distributed to the guests. Regular coinage began later that weekthen suddenly, the celebrating stopped.

The first "V nickels" had barely left the Mint when appalled officials found a fundamental flaw in their design: Barber had omitted the word CENTS. His oversight soon created a crisis for Uncle Sam: Confidence artists were plating the nickels with gold and passing them off to unsuspecting merchants as $5 gold pieces. They were, after all, virtually the same size as half eagles. As brand new coins, they were still unfamiliar to the public, and they lacked any statement of value beyond the letter V, which, of course, could represent either five cents or five dollars.

Barber quickly prepared a new design, this time placing CENTS in big, bold letters below the V. By then, however, the Mint had struck nearly 5 1/2 million of the so-called "Type 1" nickels, and many had been gold-plated and passed. Even today, it isn't uncommon to find these "racketeer nickels" in hoards and collections. Their value as collector's items is small, but they hold great appeal as historical curiosities. By the end of 1883, the Mint had produced more than 16 million nickels with CENTS on the reverse, but the "no CENTS" variety is far more common today in choice condition. Many people set examples aside, mistakenly believing that having been replaced, these would someday be rare.

Following all the drama surrounding its introduction, the Liberty Head nickel settled down to a sedate existence and one more befitting its role as a coin of the realm in the late Victorian era. There were no further changes in its simple, straightforward design, and for all but the final year, there were no branch-mint issues to complicate matters, either; the Philadelphia Mint produced the entire mintage except in 1912, when Denver and San Francisco struck the coin as well in its last official appearance. (The mint mark appears to the left of the word CENTS on the reverse).

There are low-mintage issuesnotably 1885, 1886 and 1912-Sbut there are no great rarities; 1912-S, at 238,000, is the only coin with a mintage below a million. At the other extreme, not one V nickel topped the 40-million mark; 1911 is the highest with just over 39.5 million.

In 1913, the Liberty Head design gave way to the Buffalo type. No Liberty nickels were made that year officially, but years later collectors were stunned to learn that five 1913 examples had surfaced, all of them apparently made on the sly by someone at the Philadelphia Mint. Despite their clouded origins, these came to be accepted as legitimate collectibles, and they now rank among the most coveted and valuable of all U.S. coins.

Although it covers 30 years, the Liberty nickel series makes for a compact and completeable set, largely because of the all-but-total lack of branch-mint issues. For that reason, it's widely collected by date and mint, though many do collect it simply by type. Proofs were made in every year, always in the thousands, a high level for that period.

Because of their low relief, V nickels are generally well struck and are readily available in very high grades. Points to check for wear are the hair above Liberty's ear and the wreath and corn ears on the reverse.

Controversy marked both the birth and the demise of the Liberty Head nickel. There's no disputing one thing, though: This is a coin with exceptional appeal for collectors.

REF: Wiki 'no marks'
REF**: Liberty Head Nickel Collector Society

If your looking for more information
Liberty Head Nickel Collector Society
has a great collection of data.

Some of this historical information is provided complements of NGC (Numismatic Guarantee Corporation). NGC is the "grading service of choice" of the ANA (American Numismatic Association), the largest collector oriented organization in the United States. NGC is one of the two largest independent grading services. NGC has been grading coins since 1987, and have graded in excess of two and one half million coins.

Year & Mint Mintage Proof Mintage
1883 No CENTS 5,474,300 5,219
1883 With CENTS 16,026,200 6,783
Year Mintage Proof Mintage
1884 11,270,000 * 3,942
1885 1,473,300 * 3,790
1886 3,326,000 * 4,290
1887 15,260,692 * 2,960
1888 10,715,901 * 4,582
1889 15,878,025 * 3,336
1890 16,256,532 * 2,740
1891 16,832,000 * 2,350
1892 11,696,897 * 2,745
1893 13,368,000 * 2,195
1894 5,410,500 * 2,632
1895 9,977,822 * 2,062
1896 8,841,048 * 1,862
1897 20,426,797 * 1,938
1898 12,530,292 * 1,795
1899 26,027,000 * 2,031
1900 27,253,733 * 2,262
1901 26,478,228 * 1,985
1902 31,487,581 * 2,018
1903 28,004,930 * 1,790
1904 21,403,167 * 1,817
1905 29,825,124 * 2,152
1906 38,612,000 * 1,725
1907 39,213,325 * 1,475
1908 22,684,557 * 1,620
1909 11,585,763 * 4,763
1910 30,166,948 * 2,405
1911 39,557,639 * 1,733
1912 26,234,569 * 2,145
1912-D 8,474,000 * 0
1912-S 238,000 * 0
1913 0 * 5 known
Word Count: 1372 - 

Wednesday, August 20, 2014

George Klauba Obverse Designer of the 1995 WWII 50th Annv. Half Dollar

George Klauba 
Obverse Designer of the
1995 WWII Commemorative Clad Half Dollar  
92% copper  - 8% nickel - diameter 1.205

In 1991, my design was chosen for the obverse side of a new half dollar commemorative coin produced from 1991-95, by the United States Mint to honor the fiftieth anniversary World War II, "in accordance with legislation passed by Congress and signed by the President on October 14, 1992." (Image copyrighted by the artist. © George Klauba. All rights reserved.) The design represents three military personnel superimposed on a V for victory with a B-29, the plane ended the war with Japan. The five stars represent the five branches of military service. ~ George Klauba Website


Friday, August 8, 2014

Coins of New Zealand

Coins of New Zealand

New Zealand is located in the southwest Pacific Ocean. This country has two main landmasses, the North Island and the South Island. Because of its coldness, it was settled the last land by people.

An explorer saw this country and he called it a Staten Landt, assuming that it is connected to the continent of its same name in the southern slope of another country. After the Dutch province, it was renamed again by the mapmakers as Nova Zeelandia. But the British explorers altered the name to New Zealand.

The monarchy of New Zealand was defined as the crown in the right of their country. This right is the legitimate system of their government which is the transmissible monarch is the independent and New Zealand head of state that forms the central of the nations’ democracy.

Kowhai is a native flower of New Zealand its name comes from Maori, their word for yellow, referring to the color of the flower. In some areas, it is called kohai. It is also the national flower of New Zealand.

New Zealand is separated into twenty five terrestrial regions, and each of them has their physical qualities, various nation, antiquity, and sole points of curiosity. Form its substitute tropical remote polar you can stand on the tilt of its north island to observe the integration of two seas, to the bottom of south islands. The last continent before the frost drops of Antarctica, each in New Zealand region has separate personality and stories.

Several states in the whole world can display New Zealand series of natural geographies from a high speaks in the massive mountain arrays to substitute tropical forests, rich systematic countryside to geothermal movement, the black and white sand seashore to wasteland as unpopulated islands and grasslands. For thousands of years, the governor of New Zealand protracted some British laws to New Zealand. It means that the definite unit of the grand coinage became applicable to the new society. This British coin is allowing the typical silver, gold, and bronze to mix easily in New Zealand together with the current variety of overseas coins. These coins are made lawfully affectionate in relations of some act by the transient of acts. Before, there was a risky lack of coins, specifically copper coins. Dealers tried to cure the issue of a low prices paper record, but this was presently discarded. In its place of this shortage strengthened thru the years, commercial in the other country decide to this matter their major copper tokens. In all traders or retailers deliver their own money and half tokens. This preparation survived for a year with their use slowly decreasing.

Previously it’s understandable that somewhat had to be completed around the coin trafficking and the scarcity of lower values of coins in New Zealand. It was sure that the New Zealand must start distributing coinage from a bank. New Zealand Numismatic culture proposed that the New Zealand must adopt a number system of money. On the other hand a unique coinage of New Zealand was presented based on a decimal system.

The New Zealand currency happened over the year when New Zealand strike was substituted by the dollar ranging of one pound into two dollars. On the similar day there are new decimals coin are presented to substitute on the current pound coins. The first coin in New Zealand is: one cent, two cent, five cent, ten cent, and fifty cent. One cent, two cent and fifty cent are the new sizes, 1c and 2c are minted in bronze, 50c in cupronickel. 5c, 10c, and 20c are same size, same weight, and same value as their former sixpence, florin, and shilling coins. In fact, the 10 cents accepted as additional to legend. The front design of all coins is featured in a portrait of Elizabeth II. Numerous designs are finally accepted for maximum coins. Another design of coin in New Zealand was the fern coin it is an ionice symbol and it is recognized in the whole world.

New Zealand officials are honoured to be the only issuer of authorized collection of coins with partnership with the bank of New Zealand. They work with highly cherished mints from all in the world to create a high standard memorial coin, the coinage they issue are the legal of New Zealand tender and that was the features portrait of Queen Elizabeth II and the opposite face. The coins that comes from New Zealand was reflect piece of the uniqueness and their traditional identity. New Zealand has distributed valuable and non-valuable commemorative money collections. New Zealand coins celebrated their heroes, recognises the dilemma of their rare species, platform their breath taking land and they honour its greatest adored bird and the kiwi. They collect their coins because they are securing an exclusive piece in their homeland.

New Zealand has issued two kinds of coins brilliant uncirculated ad proof quality. The first one is made from a mixture of non-valuable materials it is produced with a shiny surface. Brilliant Uncirculated coins are aluminium bronze while Proof quality coins are the highest quality coin produced in a snowy finish and reflected background. These coins are hit more than one with Medias functioning at slow hustles with high remarkable weight, to make a coin with severe detail. Their proof coins are discovered from valuable metals with 24 carat bullion. An great example would be the Donald Duck coins 2014-80th Anniversary of Donald Duck Gold/Silver Coins.

Nowadays, New Zealand has a modern, wealthy and industrialized market with an assessed major native product. Their money is the New Zealand dollar also known as kiwi dollar they are likewise socialized in Cook Islands. This country was classified as number 16 last year. Traditionally, extractive trades have strongly donated to economy of New Zealand it will focus in various times on finalizing, flax, whaling, kauri gum, gold and natural woods. New Zealand achieves their higher living by the help of the other country. They became dependent on global trade mostly in agricultural goods.

New Zealand Culture they reformed the east culture with the trials related with a large and assorted environment, developing their culture. The large country life in first New Zealand runs to the image of their country being rough, productive problem solvers. Glad to say that New Zealand is a progressive country in the world.


Saint-Maurice Ironworks Silver Dollar

1988 - Elizabeth II - Saint-Maurice Ironworks 

250th anniversary of the first industrial refinery in Canada 

A Royal proclamation specifies the design of the 1988 $1 silver coin and the $1 bronze-plated nickel coin. The silver dollar commemorates the 250th anniversary of the first industrial refinery in Canada, the Saint-Maurice Ironworks. The nickel dollar continues the loon design. [455.1081] 


Commemorative Silver Dollar 
Year 1988 
Theme Saint-Maurice Ironworks 
Artist R.R. Carmichael 
Mintage (Proof) 259,230 
Issue Price (Proof) $20.00 
Mintage (BU) 106,702 
Issue Price (BU) $15.00 


Saint-Maurice Ironworks 

Forges du Saint-Maurice ("St. Maurice Ironworks"), just outside of Trois-Rivières, Quebec, is a National Historic Site of Canada, and birthplace of the country's iron industry. 

Forges du Saint-Maurice was created on 25 March 1730, the second company (after the failure of the first) granted a monopoly to employ the iron ore deposits at Trois-Rivières. 

The forge started working in 1738 and remained in virtually continuous operation until closing. It employed about 100 craftsmen (most originally from Burgundy) and 300-400 labourers in production of forged and molded iron products, including pots, pans, and stoves. Director F. E. Cugnet went bankrupt in 1742, leading to a state takeover and handover to Britain after the Treaty of Paris. 

In 1747, the company experimented unsuccessfully with cannon making and steel production. From 1738 into the mid-1830s, the Forges were "the most technologically advanced ironworks in America", but had become the oldest operating blast furnace in North America, and far out of date, by the time it shut down for good in March 1883. 

In 1973, Forges du Saint-Maurice became a national historic park. Archaeological research there continues. 




Wednesday, August 6, 2014

Tunisia Olive Tree Coin Reverse


Olive tree on the back of Tunisia coin's.

Olive tree as found on the 1, 2 and 5 Millim coins of Tunisia. The olive tree is a symbol of Tunisian agriculture. The image was made from an image of a coin. [3]

Olive Growing In Tunisia

Tunisia is the most important olive-growing country of the southern Mediterranean region; over 30% of its cultivated land is dedicated to olive growing (1.68 million ha). Tunisia’s olive resources are estimated at over 65 million olive trees, grown on 1 680 000 ha, of which 75 000 ha are for certified organic crops. It is a source of employment for 269 000 or 57% of the country’s farmers and accounts for 45% of the agricultural exports, averaging 120 000 t per year. At a world level Tunisia is ranked fourth in terms of the number of olive trees and second in terms of acreage. [1]

Tunisia is one of the world's largest olive oil producers. Olive oil production plays a key role in the Mediterranean country's economy, employing more than 300,000 farmers and providing some sort of income to an estimated one million Tunisians. [2]

Top Exports - Tunisia - 2011 [4]

Commodity: Olive oil, virgin
Quantity: 100,294(tones)
Value: 285,866(1000 $)
Unit value: 2,850($/tonne)

Related To: 

Tunisia - 5 Millimes